Rosacea is a common, long-term skin condition involving inflammation of the skin on the face. The exact cause of rosacea is unknown, and it affects twice as many women as men, although it is usually more severe in men. It affects people mainly in the 30’s and 40’s, especially those with fair skin.
With Rosacea, the skin of the face and the cheeks and nose tend to flush easily and over time becomes permanently red. Thread veins appear in the same sites and in pustular Rosacea (formerly known as Acne Rosacea) spots and pimples appear too. The condition is aggravated by over production of oil from sebaceous glands, hormonal changes, sun exposure, UVA/UVB, stress, climatic changes and some foods such as coffee, spicy foods and alcohol. Most sufferers are keen to improve the appearance by treating any pimple spots and reducing the redness and thread veins. Rosacea can be treated and controlled, and the sooner, the better. This condition generally gets worse if it goes untreated, causing more redness, more pimples and more visible veins. Rosacea can be treated but at this stage cannot be cured. Some severe cases will require oral or topical antibiotics prescribed by your doctor.
Many signs and symptoms are associated with rosacea, but they can vary considerably from person to person. The following signs and symptoms tend to be present in most cases:
- Flushing (easily blushing): Flushing episodes can last as long as 5 minutes. The blush can spread from the face down to the neck and chest. Some people say the skin feels unpleasantly hot during flushing episodes.
- Facial skin hyper-reactivity: Sensitive blood vessels dilate easily to touch and some other physical stimuli, such as sunlight. Many mistakenly refer to this as “sensitive skin,” but, with rosacea, it is caused by sensitive blood vessels and not sensitive skin cells.
- Persistent redness: Sometimes, the flushing episodes may eventually be followed by bouts of persistent facial redness. The redness, like a patch of sunburn, may not go away. This occurs because hundreds of tiny blood vessels near the surface of the facial skin dilate (expand).
- Pimples, papules, and pustules (Inflammatory rosacea): Small spots, papules, and pustules sometimes appear on the face – this is also known as inflammatory rosacea. Misdiagnosis is common because of their similarity to teenage acne. However, with rosacea, the skin has no blackheads, unlike acne.
- Inflamed blood vessels (vascular rosacea): As the signs and symptoms of rosacea progress and get worse, small blood vessels on the nose and cheeks swell and become visible (telangiectasia) – they sometimes look like tiny spider webs. The skin on the face can become blotchy.
How We Can Help
Rosacea treatment includes Dermalux LED Phototherapy, IPL on visible veins to reduce redness in combination with products to protect the skin i.e. broad-spectrum sunscreen, antioxidants and anti-inflammatory products to calm soothe and strengthen the capillary wall and skin cells.
Recurrent flushing and blushing is present and late in the disease, the nose may be enlarged with thick red skin, a condition known as “rhinophyma”. Enlargement of the nose is more common in males. Also, along with thicker skin, the oil glands of the face enlarge and are more active giving an oily appearance. Rosacea is often accompanied by other features and symptoms such as rashes, erythema, red bulbous nose, acne like eruption and burning sensation.
Rosacea worsens with time if left untreated. It is often mistaken for acne, eczema, or a skin allergy.
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Rosacea is a common, long-term skin condition involving inflammation of the skin on the face. The exact cause of rosacea is unknown, and it affects twice as many women as men, although it is usually more severe in men. It affects people mainly in the 30’s and 40’s,...